Rus (q.v.) city along the Volkhov River. The Russian Primary Chronicle describes Novgorod as an important trading center on the water route that the Varangians (q.v.) used to get to Constantinople (q.v.). There was an important Scandinavian colony in Novgorod, established by Rurik ca. 862, that traded with Byzantium (q.v.) for furs, wax, and honey. It was one of the chief artistic centers of Kievan Rus in the 11th and 12th centuries, with churches whose architecture and decoration are essentially Byzantine, including Novgorod's famous church of Hagia Sophia whose very name was inspired by Justinian I's (q.v.) great church. Novgorod travelers (e.g., Antony of Novgorod) describe Justinian I's Hagia Sophia (q.v.) as well as other churches in Constantinople. Novgorod's independence came to an end in 1475 when Ivan III (q.v.), grand duke of Moscow, revoked its charter. Ivan IV "the Terrible" captured it in 1570.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • NOVGOROD — Les premières mentions de Novgorod, dont le nom signifie «ville neuve», remontent au IXe siècle; située sur le Volkhov, près du lac Ilmen, au nord de la voie commerciale reliant «les Varègues aux Grecs», la cité de Novgorod est l’un des deux… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Novgorod — es una ciudad a 160 kilometros al sur de San Petersburgo fundada por los vikingos rusos. A la llegada de los mongoles a Rusia fue el ultimo principado que escapo de su dominio y los venció. * * * ► Prov. del NO de Rusia, al S del lago Ladoga; 55… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Novgorod — [näv′gə räd΄; ] Russ [ nō̂v′gə rət] city in NW Russia: former political & commercial center (11th 15th cent.): pop. 233,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Nóvgorod — Великий Новгород Veliki Nóvgorod Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Novgorod — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Novgorod (homonymie). Veliki Novgorod Великий Новгород …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Novgorod — /nov geuh rod /; Russ. /nawv geuh rddeuht/, n. a city in the Russian Federation in Europe, SE of St. Petersburg: a former capital of Russia. 228,000. * * * City (pop., 1999 est.: 231,700), northwestern Russia. Located on the Volkhov River north… …   Universalium

  • Novgorod — Stadt Weliki Nowgorod Великий Новгород Flagge Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Novgorod — noun a) A historic city and a former principality in Russia. b) A medieval Russian state. Syn: Veliky Novgorod, Великий Новгород …   Wiktionary

  • NOVGOROD —    (21), a noted Russian city, and capital of a government of the same name, is situated on the Volkhof, 110 m. SE. of St. Petersburg; is divided into two parts by the bridged river, contains the cathedral of St. Sophia (11th century); with its… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Novgorod — n. region in northwestern Russia; capital city of the region of Novgorod (Russia) …   English contemporary dictionary

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